太奇教育,管理类硕士培训机构!
只要太阳还在升起,我就必能创造奇迹!
免费电话
主页 > 每日一练 >
阅读内容
2012年在职公共管理硕士MPA英语精读文章(九)
[日期:2012-09-09 09:49] 来源:扬州太奇 作者:YZTQ [点击: 次]
导读:UNIT 9

 

UNIT 9

  TEXT

  Throughout the ages different ideas have been expressed about the working of the human brain. It is only recently, however, that science has begun to give us some idea of how the brain really works.

  The Brain

  The Most Powerful

  Computer in the Universe

  Man still has a lot to learn about the most powerful and complex part of his body -- the brain.

  In ancient times men did not think that the brain was the centre of mental activity. Aristotle the philosopher of ancient Greece thought that the mind was based in the heart. It was not until the 18th century that man realised that the whole of the brain was involved in the workings of the mind.

  During the 19th century scientists found that when certain parts of the brain were damaged men lost the ability to do certain things. And so, people thought that each part of the brain controlled a different activity. But modern research has found that this is not so. It is not easy to say exactly what each part of the brain does.

  In the past 50 years there has been a great increase in the amount of research being done on the brain. Chemists and biologists have found that the way the brain works is far more complicated that they had thought. In fact many people believe that we are only now really starting to learn the truth about how the human brain works. The more scientists find out, the more questions they are unable to answer. For instance, chemists have found that over 100,000 chemical reactions take place in the brain every second. Mathematicians who have tried to use computers to copy the way the brain works have found that even using the latest electronic equipment they would have to build a computer which weighed over 10,000 kilos. Some recent research also suggests that we remember everything that happens to us. We may not be able to recall this information, but it is all stored in our brains.

  Scientists hope that if we can discover how the brain works, the better use we will be able to put it to. For example, how do we learn language? Man differs most from all the other animals in his ability to learn and use language but we still do not know exactly how this is dine. Some children learn to speak and read and write when they are very young compared to average children. But scientists are not sure why this happens. They are trying to find out whether there is something about the way we teach language to children which in fact prevents children from learning sooner.

  Earlier scientists thought that during a man's lifetime the power of his brain decreased. But it is now thought that this is not so. As long as the brain is given plenty of exercise it keeps its power. It has been found that an old person who has always been mentally active has a quicker mind than a young person who has done only physical work. It is now thought that the more work we give our brains, the more work they are able to do.

  Other people now believe that we use only 1% of our brains' full potential. They say that the only limit on the power of the brain is the limit of what we think is possible. This is probably because of the way we are taught as children. When we first start learning to use our minds we are told what to do, for example, to remember certain facts, but we are not taught how our memory works and how to make that best use of it. We are told to make noted hut we are not taught how our brains accept information and which is the best way to organise the information we want our brains to accept.

  This century man has made many discoveries about the universe -- the world outside himself. But he has also started to look into the workings of that other universe which is inside himself -- the human brain.

 

 NEW WORDS

  computer

  n. machine that stores information and works out answers 计算机

  universe

  n. 宇宙

  complex

  a. difficult to understand or explain 错综复杂的,难懂的

  ancient

  a. in or of times long ago 古代的;古老的

  philosopher

  n. 哲学家

  philosophy

  n. 哲学

  involve

  vt. cause to become connected or concerned 使卷入

  working

  n. (usu. pl.) operation; action 运转,运行,活动

  ability

  n. 能力

  exactly

  ad. with complete connected or concerned 确切地;精确地

  amount

  n. 数量,数额

  chemist

  n. one who studies and understands chemistry 化学家

  biologist

  n. one who studies the life of animals and plants 生物学家

  biology

  n. 生物学

  complicated

  n. difficult to understand, complex 难懂的;复杂的

  chemical

  a. of chemistry

  unable

  a. not able

  reaction

  n. 反应

  mathematician

  n. one who studies and understands mathematics 数学家

  equip

  n. 设备,装置

  kilo = kilogram

  公斤,千克

  recent

  a. done or made not long ago 近来的

  recall

  vt. remember 记得;回忆起

  differ

  vi. be different (from)

  mentally

  ad. 智力上,脑力上

  physical

  a. of the body; of matter; of the science of physics 身体的;物质的;物理学的

  potential

  n. 潜力

  limit

  n. 局限,限度

  PHRASES & EXPRESSIONS

  put...to (good) use

  use (in a profitable) (好好)利用

  differ from

  be dissimilar to 与...不同

  compared to / with

  in comparison with 与...相比

  make notes

  take notes 记笔记

  look into

  examine 调查,观察

  PROPER NAMES

  Aristotle

  亚里士多德

  Greece

  希腊

(责任编辑:太奇编辑部)
2013年MBA入学考辅导招生简章试
学员评价
小鱼: 这段时间一直在家听邵宁老师网络课程,每一堂课都收获很大。邵老师不仅对MBA考试出题人的思路把握的很准,而且将词汇、句法和阅读篇章结合起来综合讲解,使我们站在更高的角度解题,不仅应试还对今后的英语学习很有帮助。
TQ521: 太奇的老师在应试技巧上很有心得,对我们来说都是宝贵的财富。
WSAQ: 感谢太奇,我在这里找到了很多志同道合的朋友!感谢太奇,帮我认识了几位生意上的合作伙伴。
feng: 太奇的逻辑我感触最深,联考的真题跟模考的考题有很多都是一样的!考上清华真得很感激杨老师。
优优果奶: 有价值的东西,才具有实质的竞争力。是金子总会发光的,听张校长的讲座是最有收获的,让你复习备战事半功倍!
神舟七号: 没想到在太奇能结识这么多好朋友,还有生意上的伙伴! 太奇是所名校,可以这么讲!
张壮: 太奇网校的课程内容设置给人感觉是很人性化的,总体来讲比较完善,对学员的管理也很有条理性。
秦智慧: 太奇的最大特色就是老师一对一的帮我指导备考,做复习计划,老师们真的非常敬业,辛苦。
在线报名
22关于太奇太奇服务太奇品牌项目媒体支持